Arizona state quick facts
|Nickname||The Grand Canyon State|
Arizona's name originated from the Spanish name, Arizonac, which in turn derived from an Indian word, alĭ ṣonak (meaning "small spring")
How did Arizona get its name?
Phoenix is the fifth most populous city nationwide, the most populous state capital in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. Two-thirds of Arizona's population lives in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area.
Most populous state capital
Facts about Arizona
Arizona is the largest copper producing state in the Unites States. More copper is mined in Arizona than all the other states combined, and the Morenci Mine is the largest copper producing mine in the North America. That's why Arizona is nicknamed 'The Copper State'. Arizona is home to the magnificent 'Grand Canyon' and hence its popular nickname, "The Grand Canyon State".
Lake Havasu City holds the all-time record high temperature in Arizona history with 128 °F recorded on June 29, 1994. This temperature is also the highest for a town or city in the Western Hemisphere. Lake Havasu City is the hottest US city as it recorded the highest annual average temperature for a US city (94.8 °F)
Hottest US city
Facts about Arizona state
Arizona is home to the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the Unites States. Covering about 27,425 square miles of Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico, the Navajo Nation is larger than ten states of the United Staes. Its capital is seated in Window Rock, Arizona.
Arizona state has 18 national monuments, more than any other state in the Unites States
Most national monuments
Arizona is home to the world’s largest rose bush. Planted in Tombstone in 1885, the giant rose bush has a 12-foot circumference trunk and covers an area of 9,000 square feet.
Largest rose bush
In 1906, Percival Lowell — a wealthy Bostonian who had founded Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1894 - started an extensive project in search of a possible ninth planet, which he termed "Planet X". Pluto was discovered from the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona in 1930 by Clyde Tombaugh.
Fifty thousand years ago, a meteor slammed into an area that is now part of Arizona with the force of 150 atomic bombs. The resulting crater, the best-preserved meteor crater on Earth, is located near Winslow, Arizona.
'Skydive Arizona' is the largest skydiving center in the world.
Navajo Indians of Arizona were enlisted By US to transmit secret communications during World War II. These Navajo Code Talkers created an oral code using their language and the Axis Forces could not decipher it. Thus the Navajo Code Talkers played a small but crucial role in tilting the balance of power in favor of USA-led Allied Forces.
Navajo Code Talkers
Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) in Arizona, has the most diverse collection of astronomical observatories on Earth for nighttime optical and infrared astronomy and daytime study of the Sun. Sharing the mountaintop site with the National Solar Observatory, KPNO, founded in 1958, operates three major nighttime telescopes and hosts the facilities of consortia which operate 22 optical telescopes and two radio telescopes.
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport has the world’s first public transport system that goes over an active airport taxiway.
Arizona has 3,928 mountain peaks and summits—more mountains than any one of the other Mountain States (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming).
Arizona state facts
In area, Arizona is the sixth largest state in the United States (behind Alaska, Texas, California, Montana and New Mexico) All six New England states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont) and the state of Pennsylvania would fit inside Arizona.
Arizona is the last state to join the union in the contiguous United States. It became the 48th state on February 14, 1912. President William Howard Taft was ready to make Arizona a state on February 12, but it was Lincoln’s birthday. The next day, the 13th, was considered bad luck so they waited until the following day. That’s how Arizona became known as the “Valentine State.”